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Friday Field Trip Registration

You may choose to attend 1 Friday field trip. First you need to be registered for the ARARA conference. Once you have done so, you will receive an email with a code you need to register for a field trip. Field trips registrations are on a first-come, first-served basis.

A note about the spaces left number: We include field trip leaders in our count total. They have a separate registration category and separate code to use for registration. If you are trying to register and are being taken to the Leader category it means that the participant category is full. Choose another trip.

Participants who sign-up for more than one field trip per day will be removed from all field trips for which they have registered.

Each individual coming to the conference should complete a separate registration. There is the ability to add a guest to your registration if a spouse does not have an email address.

You can cancel your field trip registration yourself through March 5. There is no fee for cancelling a field trip.
Log into the website (top right of the page), come back to this page, and then you will see an "Already registered" link below the "Register" button for your trip.  Click on this link and you will have a cancel option.

We may cancel trips with less than four participants and move those participants to other trips based on their preferences.

Registration closes on Mar 5. There will not be an in-person registration for Friday trips at the conference. Only Monday field trips will be available for in-person registrants.

If you need help please contact Troy Scotter at 801-362-1206 (leave a message) or email


Weather
: Average daytime temperatures in Tucson vary from the mid 60s to high 80s for the time of the conference.

Friday Field Trips

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 4
    Register

    Leaders: Linda Hanson (San Xavier), Paul and Suzanne Fish, Gayle Hartmann (Tumamoc)

    Site Description: This trip begins at San Xavier Mission, a National Historic Landmark and the oldest European structure in Arizona. An authentic 18th century space, the church's interior is filled with marvelous original statuary and mural paintings. There are even a few glyphs etched by the Tohono O’odham laborers. This 90-minute behind-the-scenes tour will focus on how the 300-year-old Mission’s external architecture and interior statuary and murals reflect the Moorish, Spanish, Catholic, and Indigenous influences in this region. Additionally, the tour will discuss present-day conservation and restoration efforts currently underway.
    The trip’s second stop will be Tumamoc Hill, a Tucson landmark near downtown. Tumamoc Hill has an extensive complex of stone trincheras features attributable to a pre-ceramic village (500 to 300 B.C.) and a subsequent early Hohokam village (A.D. 475 to 700). Recording efforts have documented 734 petroglyphs as well as 450 Euro-American inscriptions, many of which date to the period of Mexican and early American settlement. The petroglyphs on the hill date from the archaic to late Hohokam (A.D. 1400). The field trip should end around 1 pm. Participants can then explore downtown Tucson or enjoy one of the small Mexican restaurants at the foot of Tumamoc Hill. Bring water and snacks.
    References: Fert 1979; Hartman and Boyle 2013

    Difficulty: San Xavier: 0.25 miles of walking over flat, mostly paved ground. Tumamoc Hill: 0.5 to 1 mile of walking over volcanic desert terrain with 25 ft elevation gain.

    Vehicle Requirement: any

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way): 0.5 hrs, 18 miles

    Max. Number of Participants: 20

    Fee:$10 cash donation for San Xavier (Restoration Fund); pay trip leader day of

    NOTE: This trip will depart from the hotel at 7:00 a.m. to allow access to the Mission before it is open to parishioners.

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 11
    Register

    Leader: Al Dart

    Site Description:  This tour will visit at least three places around the Baboquivari Mountains on the Tohono O’odham Nation, west of Tucson. A sacred cave on Baboquivari Peak is the home of the Tohono O'odham Creator I’itoi (“Elder Brother”). The first destination will be a 1930s Civilian Conservation Corps work-camp headquarters that is now a campground and picnic area. (If open, the tour will first stop at Kitt Peak on the way to the work-camp headquarters. A boulder atop the peak depicts a possible Hohokam map). From the work-camp headquarters, participants will drive a short distance to Baboquivari Picture Rock, which exhibits ancient and historic petroglyphs and pictographs, bedrock mortars, and a probable Tohono O'odham shrine. On the return, participants will have the option to visit the Tohono O’odham Nation Cultural Center & Museum in Topawa. Participants provide their own transportation, drinking water, and picnic lunches and plan on an all-day trip.

    Difficulty: 0.25 miles of walking around Baboquivari Picture Rock with slight dips across washes

    Vehicle Requirement: High clearance; roads are all paved except last 12 miles are on a dirt road that may not be well maintained

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way): 2.5 hrs (with stops), 89 miles

    Max. Number of Participants:  20

    Fee:
    $20/person payable to Old Pueblo Archaeology Center (cash or check upon arrival; Old Pueblo will forward all fees collected to Tohono O'odham Nation’s Baboquivari District)

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 19
    Register

    Leader: Chris Lange and Rich Lange

    Site Description: This field trip is ideal for those who wish a respite from the spring time climes of the Sonoran Desert. Each leg of this trip centers on an indoor setting with an optional outdoor viewing area over significant archaeological sites in southern Arizona. Participants will start at the Deer Valley Petroglyph Preserve in north Phoenix. The Preserve’s museum highlights the history of research at the site, and a short trail leads to various areas where some of the 1,800+ Archaic, Hohokam, and Patayan petroglyphs can be viewed from below. From there, a stint at the Pueblo Grande Museum in downtown Phoenix will bring visitors face-to-face with the largest known Hohokam Platform Mound. The museum details the extensive history of Hohokam habitation in the Valley of the Sun. And rounding out the day, a stop at the Casa Grande near Florence provides an opportunity to see the four-story adobe edifice, several adobe compounds, and a nearby ballcourt. The associated museum and interpretive center help explain the final century of the Hohokam millennium. Bring lunch, water, and snacks.

    References: Bruder 1981, 1983a, 1983b; Snyder 1978; Welsh and Dorn 1997

    Difficulty: Each site is ADA-accessible with walking distances between 0.1 and 0.5 miles over level terrain.

    Vehicle Requirement: any

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way): 2 hrs, 135 miles

    Max. Number of Participants: 20

    Fee: $6 admission for Pueblo Grande ($5 for seniors); admission for Deer Valley waived with proof of conference registration; none for Casa Grande. 

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 2
    Register

    Leader: Tim Loftus and Jean Mabry

    Note: Many people are trying to register for this trip. It filled up quickly. If the only registration category you see is "Leader" you will not be able to register. That category is reserved for field trip leaders.

    Site Description:
    Special permission has been obtained to visit two sites in Saguaro National Park. A one mile stroll each way through a dry streambed provides access to the King Canyon petroglyphs. The deep patina of the walls in King Canyon provided a suitable ritual gathering place and image surface for nearly 1,370 glyphs divided into 186 panels of imagery. Habitation evidence includes bedrock mortars marking areas used for food production. Patina classes indicate that the Ancestral O’Odham periodically used this canyon for their sacred rituals from the Late Archaic (2000 BC to AD 50) to early in the 20th century. One panel, re-pecked three times, appears to have been used, re-used, and re-used in the same place, suggesting continuity from the most repatinated to the least patinated petroglyphs. The second location, Javelina Wash, is a 5-minute drive and 500-meter walk along another sandy wash. This part of the Park is ordinarily off-limits to visitors. The landscape of fine siltstone has a range of colors: red, purple, and occasionally green. Natural white and dark red circles in the colored siltstone sometimes have been utilized as part of the glyphs. Bring your D-stretch enabled phone or camera as well as water, lunch, and snacks.

    Difficulty: Site 1: 2-mile loop in sandy wash trail with 190 ft elevation gain. Site 2: 1.5-mile loop in sandy wash with 100 ft elevation gain

    Vehicle Requirement: any

    Driving Distance One Way: 0.75 hrs, 21 miles

    Max. Max. Number of Participants: 20

    Fee: Bring Golden Age Pass if you want to visit Saguaro National Park Visitor Center (optional)

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 19
    Register

    Leaders: Joe Watkins and Barbara Casimir, Park Rangers from Tumacacori

    Site Description: A 1.5-mile hike through a beautiful creek valley on a developed trail leads to two rock shelters with many small pictographs. Bring footwear to wade the creek to see one rock shelter with imagery. Participants with greater hiking skill may be able to climb to another rock shelter with steep and difficult access. The second stop is a guided visit to the ruins of Mission San Jose de Tumacacori in Tumacacori National Historical Park. The Mission was founded by Jesuit Father Eusebio Kino in 1691 to Christianize the O’odham who were farming in the Santa Cruz River Valley. In addition to the church ruins, a reproduction of a traditional O’odham house (a “ki”) helps visitors imagine what the site looked like during the time it was active. The site could not be protected from warring tribes and was abandoned in 1848.Bring your D-Stretch enabled camera or smartphone, water, snacks, and lunch.

    Difficulty: Creek: 1.75 miles walk on historic railroad grade with a wade across the creek. An optional side canyon involves 0.5 miles trail-less walk with 43 ft elevation gain Tumacacori: 0.25 miles over ADA-accessible paths in the National Park

    Vehicle Requirement: any

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way): 1.5 hrs; 74 miles

    Max. Number of Participants: 12

    Fee: $10admission fee for Tumacacori, free with National Park Pass

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 1
    Register

    Leader: Stanley Ponczek and Gail Ryser
    Site Description: Special permission has been obtained to visit an Ancestral O’Odham petroglyph site in Saguaro National Park that is normally closed to visitation. The site occupies the crest of a low, rocky inclined ridge leading to a small promontory with a gathering place on top. Glyphs of anthropomorphs, some flower-like images, and dragonflies are among the many motifs. The second site is an earlier ceremonial gathering place. The petroglyphs are primarily anthropomorphs pecked into the large boulder exposures on a low hill. An impressive “bell rock,” which we will ring with a wooden mallet, is central among the boulders. If time permits, participants will also visit the foundations and cemetery of the ghost town of Pantano. Bring a packed lunch and water. A hiking stick would be useful for the trek up these rocky hills.
    Difficulty: Site 1: 1.5-mile loop over trail-less rocky desert terrain with 250 ft. elevation gain. Site 2: 10.5-mile loop with 20 ft. elevation gain.
    Vehicle Requirement: Any, parking limited so carpools needed
    Driving Time/Distance (One Way): 1.25 hrs, 40 miles
    Max. Number of Participants: 13
    Fee: 
    No        

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 16
    Register

    Leaders: Gordon Hanson and Jim Avramis

    Site Description: This trip leads to seven small petroglyph-covered boulder hills around Cocoraque Butte, located in Ironwood Forest National Monument. The site has the largest-known selection of “bell rocks” in southern Arizona and about 2,000 petroglyphs on rounded black boulders. Some glyphs can be seen from the base of the hills with binoculars, but climbing the largest of the boulder-covered hills is the best tour. Hiking terrain is flat with boulder-covered hills rising from the base. A fifteen-minute walk from the parking area along an old sandy road to the largest of the hills is the first stop. The hills vary from a few feet to the tallest stack of boulders measuring 100 feet high. The optional climb to the top is rewarding but rated difficult. Bring water, lunch, and snacks. 
         
    References: Hernbrode 2018, 2019a, 2019b, 2021; Hernbrode and Boyle 2016, 2017

    Difficulty:  2.2 miles walking over flat desert with some deep sand with 50 ft of elevation gain. A climb to the top of the highest hill adds 100 ft of elevation.

    Vehicle Requirement:
    high clearance needed, 4x4 recommended

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way):
    1.25 hrs; 31 miles with the last 6 miles unpaved with some deep sand (and mud if it has rained)

    Max. Number of Participants:
    20

    Fee:  None
          

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 2
    Register

    Leaders:    Janine Hernbrode and Bob Hernbrode

    Note: Many people are trying to register for this trip. It filled up quickly. If the only registration category you see is "Leader" you will not be able to register. That category is reserved for field trip leaders.
    Site Description: This trip is an opportunity to access a private ranch behind locked gates. About 9,000 glyphs are on a relatively steep volcanic 185-foot-tall hill with no established trail. The optional climb to the top is rewarding but rated difficult. The site was used by the Ancestral O’Odham for access to water and for ritual activities over millennia. A large array of glyphs, particularly archaic glyphs can be seen walking around the bottom of the hill as well as through binoculars. A labyrinth glyph is viewable ⅔ of the distance up this hill. The site has sound properties, and two different clusters ofbell rockscan be seen; one cluster half-way up the tall hill and another, more accessible for all participants, in a cluster at the base of a nearby hill. Some of the bell rocks have animate shapes. Bring water, lunch, and snacks.

    References:
    Hernbrode 2018, 2019a, 2019b, 2021; Hernbrode and Boyle 2016, 2017

    Difficulty:
      0.25 miles walking with 40 feet of elevation gain. A climb to the top of the hill adds 160 ft of elevation.

    Vehicle:
    high clearance needed, 4x4 recommended

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way):
    1.5 hrs; 32 miles with the last 7 miles unpaved with some deep sand (and mud if it has rained)

    Max. Number of participants:
    20

    Fee:
    $20 (private land); pay the trip leader cash the day of the event

       
    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 8
    Register

    Leader:  Aaron Wright

    Site Description: This trip will take participants to two of the densest concentrations of petroglyphs along the Great Bend of the Gila River. This region lies at the interface of the Hohokam and Patayan archaeological traditions, and the cultural interplay is evident in the regional repertoire of petroglyphs. Participants will first visit the famed Painted Rock Petroglyph Site, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977 to recognize the significance of its 4,000 petroglyphs. The site is ADA accessible, with a maintained pathway, parking, and pit toilets. From there, participants will rendezvous for lunch in Gila Bend before working back upriver to visit the Gillespie Narrows Petroglyph Preserve. Over 5,000 petroglyphs adorn basalt boulders and outcrops along the escarpment of a lava flow. While some petroglyphs can be viewed from the base, a moderate climb to the top of the talus will bring the grandeur of the site into focus. Bring water and snacks (lunch can be purchased in Gila Bend).

    References: Wright 2017, 2018

    Difficulty: A level 0.25-mile ADA-accessible trail loops around Painted Rocks. Gillespie Narrows is accessible via a 100-yard walk from a maintained dirt road, but viewing the glyphs up-close requires an 80-ft climb up a boulder-strewn escarpment.

    Vehicle Requirement: any

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way): 2.3 hrs, 151 miles

    Max. Number of Participants:20


    Fee: $2/vehicle parking fee at Painted Rocks; pay cash at the site

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 2
    Register

    Leaders: Sherry Eisler and Laura LePere

    Site Description: This trip starts with a visit to Los Morteros, a Hohokam village and the center of an extended community of related settlements along the Santa Cruz River. This easy access site has a wide range of archaeological features, including petroglyphs and an impressive number of bedrock mortars that inspired the site’s name. Participants will then visit sites in the nearby Picture Rocks Wash. The largest and first on the itinerary has over 200 petroglyphs, including zoomorphs, anthropomorphs, abstract motifs, and a solar marker for the summer solstice and the equinoxes. Participants may then choose to continue with the guide about a mile farther up the wash to two smaller petroglyph sites in Saguaro National Park. These feature a well-defined “turkey” and a partially pecked and partially painted quail-like image. Participants should bring water and a packed lunch for the afternoon hike.

    References: Dart 2020

    Difficulty: Los Morteros: Flat 0.25 mile walk via an ADA-accessible path. Picture Rocks Wash: 50 yards walking in sandy wash to the main site; additional two-mile loop with 115 ft of elevation gain to reach additional two sites.

    Vehicle Requirement: any

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way:) 0.5 hrs, 25 miles

    Max. Number of Participants: 20

    Fee:
    No

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 20
    Register

    Leader: Al Arpad

    Site Description: The petroglyphs in the South Mountains, along the southern margin of Phoenix, were the first elements of Hohokam rock imagery professionally reported, and they remain the most studied across southern Arizona. These glyphs now reside in South Mountain Park and Preserve, one of the largest municipal parks in the world. On this trip, visitors will visit Box and Pima Canyons, two of the best petroglyph localities in these mountains. The glyphs in Box Canyon, which lies near the center of the range, were first studied by Warren K. Moorehead in 1897. Those in Pima Canyon at the range’s eastern terminus were first described in 1890 by Frank Hamilton Cushing. Box Canyon is an enclosed space with petroglyphs hung high around the canyon’s rim. Pima Canyon is an elongated access into the mountains, with petroglyph concentrations centered at the mouth and around springs and seeps. These different settings allow visitors to see the variable contexts in which residents of nearby Hohokam villages made and used rock imagery. Bring water and snacks (lunch can be purchased at various establishments in south Phoenix).

    References: Bostwick 2002, 2008; Carpenter 2006; Russell and Wright 2009; Russell et al. 2009; Snyder 1966, 1975; Wright 2011, 2014, 2016

    Difficulty: Box Canyon: A 0.25-mile loop with no elevation gain. Pima Canyon: A 3-mile loop along Pima Canyon and Pima Wash Trails with around 300 feet of elevation gain.

    Vehicle Requirement: any

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way):  1.75 hrs, 115 miles

    Max. Number of Participants: 20

    Fee: no  

    • 10 Mar 2023
    • 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (MST)
    • Tucson, Arizona
    • 6
    Register

    Leaders: Bill Gillespie, Ron Andelora, and Brian Shear

    Site Description: One of the most beautiful landscapes in southern Arizona hosts four major sites and many smaller ones. The boulder and saguaro covered hills are separated by a small canyon with sound properties and social trails to aid access. The Ancestral O’Odham occupied this area since the Early Agricultural Period (2000 BC to 50 AD). The approximately 3,500 glyphs include flowers, a stunning bighorn sheep panel, lots of Hohokam barbell figures, genital reference landscape features, and solar and horizon markers. Moderate elevation gains are necessary to see these sites at the base of the mountains. Bring your D-Stretch enabled phone or camera as well as water, lunch, and snacks.

    References: Hernbrode and Boyle 2013a, 2013b, 2017

    Difficulty: All sites on social trails at different levels; 4 to 5 miles total, 330 ft elevation gain with multiple ups and downs; endurance needed

    Vehicle Requirement: high clearance

    Driving Time/Distance (One Way): 1 hr, 35 miles

    Max. Number of Participants: 20

    Fee: No             

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